The History of Byzantine Coinage
Uses of Coins
Christianization of the Coin
Representation of Christ
Representation of the Virgin
The image of Christ did not appear on coins until the end of the 7th century when Justinian II (685–95) introduced on his solidi an impressive bearded Christ, recalling Classical images of Zeus (click here). This change required him to move the imperial image to the reverse of the coin, replacing the former reverse typethe cross on steps (see Case III, Nos. 34, 35). After the Restoration of Images in 843 (photo below), the representation of Christ was virtually the only image used on gold coins, and he is shown enthroned, standing, with and without a beard, as a young child and as the Pantocrator ("All Sovereign").

Nomisma of Michael III (842–67)

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